Video from 1 Peter 5:
A. Elders are to be faithful shepherds.
1. (1) A Call to Elders.
I admonish the elders among you, who am a fellow elder and a witness to the sufferings of Christ and also a partaker of the glory that is to be revealed:
A.I admonish the elders among you: Peter will give a word of admonitionthe old folks underneaththe Christians reading this letter. These elders had special responsibilities that Peter addressed.
yeah the idea ofmayorentered the church life of Jewish culture (Exodus 3:16, 12:21 and 19:7). The word "mayorit simply speaks of the maturity and wisdom an older person should have in order to make them capable of leadership. Its application is more about wisdom and maturity than age.
ii. It was the practice of Paul and Barnabas to appoint elders in the churches they planted (Acts 14:23). There was also the development of the office of pastor, which was essentially a teaching elder (1 Timothy 5:17) who appointed and directed elders and other leaders (1 Timothy 3:1-13, 2 Timothy 2:2 , Titus 1:5-9).
B.I am an elderly companion: Peter was qualified to speak because he isan elderly companion. Although Peter was clearly the most prominent disciple among the Twelve, he did not claim any special privileges or positions such as being Pope of the early church. Instead, Pedro saw himself as just oneold memberamong all the elders of the church.
yeah “It will always be our wisdom, dear friends, to put ourselves in the shoes of those to whom we address as much as possible. Shame someone seems to be preaching to people; It's always better to be as close to the same level as them as possible." (Wolfsmilch)
C.Witness of Christ's sufferings and also partakers of the glory to be revealed: Peter was qualified to speak because he was awitnessof Jesus' suffering as he saw Jesus' torture and perhaps crucifixion. He was one tooPairof the glory of Jesus, which probably refers to seeing the transfiguration of Jesus.
yeah "He was with Christ in theGarten, was with him when he wasarrested, and was with him in theHall of the High Priest. if you followed himcruzWe do not know. (Clark)
ii. “The Gospels do not say that Peter was personally present at the crucifixion; only John is said to have been there specifically. Peter (and other apostles) may have been among 'all his acquaintances' watching the event from afar (Luke 23:49).” (Hyperto)
iii. Given that Peter could have witnessed, or likely did, Jesus' suffering on the cross, the memory of it would make his admonition to his fellow elders all the more powerful. It would be like saying, "You are leaders of the people for whom Jesus Christ suffered and died, and I saw him suffer."
IV. However, we also think that many saw Jesus suffer and it did not affect them as it did Peter and others who saw with faith. “There were thousands who were eyewitnesses to the sufferings of our Lord, but who failed to understand their true meaning. They saw the Great Sufferer stained with his own blood; but they never looked into their wounds with faith. Thousands saw the Savior die but just returned to Jerusalem, some of them hit their chests, but none of them believed in Him or really knew the secret of that wonderful death. (spurge)
2. (2-3) What leaders should do in the church.
Shed the flock of God that is among you, and serve as bishops, not by force but willingly; not for dishonest gain, but with enthusiasm; neither as rulers over those entrusted to you, but as examples to the flock;
A.Shed the flock of God: That was the first aspect of leadership. Peter seemed to remember the three-part commission Jesus gave him at John 21:15-17. In this passage, Jesus asked Peter to show his love for Jesus by feeding and caring for Jesus' sheep.
yeah a spiritual onePastorIt does its job in two main ways. The first task isfeedSheep. Jesus emphasized this to Peter in John 21:15-17. Another aspect of the job istenderthe sheep, meaning to protect, guide, raise and care for the sheep.
ii. The most important "tool" forfeed the flock of Godit is a heart like the heart of Jesus, one that is willing to lay down its life for the sheep and that really cares and cares for them (John 10:11-14).
B.Working as a supervisor: For Pedro, the office of shepherd could also be understood as aforeman. This word for leadership comes from the Greek culture and meant one who watches over something, a steward or overseer (Acts 20:28, 1 Timothy 3:1-2, Titus 1:7).
C.Not out of compulsion, but voluntarily: Pastors shouldn't be doing their jobObligation, as if they were being forced into a task they really hated. Instead, they are to serve God and his people.light, from a heart that loves the people of God as the shepherd loves the sheep and wants to serve them.
yeah “None of God's soldiers are mercenaries or men under pressure: all are volunteers. We have to have a pastor's heart if we want to do a pastor's job." (Meier)
D.Not for dishonest gain, but greedy: Spiritual shepherds should not do their work fordishonest gain. the profit isdishonestbecause their motive was to serve as pastors. Instead, they should serveconcerned, willing to serve apart from monetary compensation.
yeah “Could the office be oneobispo, in those early days and in the time of the persecution to be alucrativeOffice? Doesn't the Spirit of God lead the apostle to address these things sooner?posteritywhat for then? (Clark)
mi.nor as rulers over those entrusted to you, but as examples to the flock: Pastors shouldn't enjoy their jobLadies and gentlemen, because the sheep do not belong to them. the sheep areorderedTherefore, pastors should serve by beingexamples, no dictators.
I.not even as gentlemenshows that in Peter's eyes, pastors had significant authority in the early church. If the pastoral ministry was so powerless that a pastor neither governed nor directed, then there was little potential for itbe gentlemen. Because Peter gives this warning, however, it shows that there was potential for rulership.
ii. The sobering fact is that pastorsSohnExamples of the herdwhether they want it or not. It's interesting to see how a church embraces the person of its pastor through thick and thin.
iii.who confide in you: "This noun means 'much' and then 'what is allotted by lot', a portion or part of something...God has allotted the various portions of His precious possessions to your personal care." (Hiebert) The idea is that God has given certain pastors responsibility for the spiritual care of certain people.
3. (4) The Reward for Church Leaders.
And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will not wither.
A.When the Prince of Shepherds appears: Peter reminded the pastors in the church that one day they would answer their questions.Pastor Headmasterwho want to know what they did with itThey areHerd.
yeah It's important that pastors - pastors - realize that they are leadingJesus'Sheep.Isis the shepherdIshe is the overseer (1 Peter 2:25). In this sense, the Christian Shepherd does not work for the sheep, he works for themPastor Headmaster.
B.You will receive a crown of glory: Faithful shepherds are promised acrown of glory, but not like the crown of leaves given to ancient Olympic champions. This crown will bedo not fade.
yeah Crowns are not only for pastors, but also for all who have been faithful to Jesus and have done what He called them to do (1 Corinthians 9:25, 2 Timothy 4:8, James 1:12).
B. All must be humble and watchful.
1. (5-7) A promise to the humble.
Likewise, young men, submitAreolder yes, allOfbe subject to one another and clothe yourselves in humility, for
"God resists the proud,
but give grace to the humble.”
Humble yourselves, then, under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, and throw all your cares upon Him, for He cares for you.
A.Likewise you young people: Peter began this word of humility tooYoung people, unlike the elders he just addressed. But he soon found that it came from application to applicationAll from you. this word toobe submissive to one another and clothe yourself in humilityapplies to everyone, butparticularlyto young people
B.clad in humility:modestyis indicated by template. It is the ability to gladly forsake our own agenda for God's sake, even when God's agenda is being expressed through someone else.
I.yes all of youThis means that this applies to everyone, both the old and the "young". “They all strive to serve one another; that pastors seek to minister to the people, and the people to the pastors; and let there be no strife, but who will do most to please and benefit all others.” (Clark)
C.clothe yourself with humility: The sentence "to be dressed' translates a rare word that referred to a slave putting on an apron before serving, just as Jesus did before washing the disciples' feet (John 13:4).
yeah Some signs of humility:
·The will to render the lowest and smallest services for the sake of Jesus.
· Awareness of our own inability to do anything outside of God.
· Willingness to be ignored by men.
Not so much self-loathing or devaluation as self-forgetting and really being other-minded rather than self-centered.
D.For “God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble”: Peter quoted Proverbs 3:34 to show that humility is essential to our relationship with God. If we want to live in GodGracia(His undeserved favor) then we must put aside our pride and bemodest– not only to Him, but also to each other.
I.resists: "The verb vividly describes God as one who engages in battle against such individuals." (Hyperto)
ii. Grace and pride are eternal enemies. Pride demands that God bless me for what I believe I deserve. Grace deals with me based on what is in God, not based on anything in me.
iii. “Pride is one of the most heinous sins; yet it finds dwelling place in sincere souls, though we often call it by a lighter name. We call it: independence, self-sufficiency. We do not always recognize it in the hurt feeling that withdraws into itself and feeds its sorrows in anger... We are proud of our humility, vain of our gentleness; and with the holiest gaze we wonder if all around us do not admire us for our lowliness”. (Meier)
IV. “If you are willing to be nothing, God will make something of you. The way to the top of the ladder starts at the bottom round. In fact, in God's church the way up is the descent; but if you have the ambition to be at the top, you will soon find yourself at the bottom.” (Wolfsmilch)
mi.So that He exalts you at the right time: If God has us in a humble place in the present moment, we must submit to God's plan. he knows himdue timeto rise up, although we often think we know this time better than God.
F.Cast all your cares on Him: True humility is shown in our ability to throw oursworry aboutGod. It is proud presumption to take matters into our own hands and to care for the things that God has promised to care for (Matthew 6:31-34).
yeah If we obeyed the command of 1 Peter 5:6 and truly humbled ourselves under God's mighty hand, we would have far fewer worries to impose on Him in 1 Peter 5:7. Worries about greed, ambition, popularity all evaporate under the command ofhumble yourselves under the mighty hand of God.
ii. Spurgeon used the illustration of a man coming to move his furniture, but he himself was carrying a huge, heavy backpack. He complains that he has a hard time rearranging his furniture; Wouldn't you suggest that it would be easier for him to put his own burden aside to carry yours? Likewise, we cannot do God's work when we are weighed down by our own burdens and worries. Cast them on Him and then bear the burden of the Lord, which is a light burden and a yoke that fits us perfectly.
iii. There are many fears that we cannot cast upon God, and Peter's word here cleanses us from those ungodly fears.
· "I worry that I'll never get rich."
· "I have the burden that others enjoy sinful pleasures and I do not."
· "I worry about not being famous or even popular."
"I'm overwhelmed that I can't take revenge on those who hurt me."
IV. “All cares of greed, anger, pride, ambition, and self-will must be thrown to the winds; it would be criminal to dream of throwing them at God. Don't pray for them except that God will deliver you from them. Keep your desires in a tight circle and your fears will fall instantly.” (Spurge)
v.foundryIt's a pretty strong word. He didn't say "put your full attention on him" because we need to do it with more energy. The idea is: "throw it away from you.” The pressures and burdens of your life are so heavy and difficult that it takes a great focus of effort to transfer them to Jesus.
seen. this work fromfoundrycan be so difficult that we need two hands to do it: the hand ofprayerand the hand ofzB. “Prayer tells God what the worry is and asks God for help, while faith believes God can and will do it. Prayer spreads the letter of fear and pain before the Lord and opens its entire budget, and then faith cries out, “I believe that God cares and cares for me; I believe he will put me out of my misery and cause me to further his own glory.'” (Spurgeon)
Gramm.because he cares about you: The religions of ancient Greek culture could, at best, imagine a good god. However, they never got to the place where they believed in a God whoCautious. The God of the Bible, the God who really is, is a God whotakes care of you.
yeah "It is the belief that God cares that distinguishes Christianity from all other religions which, in all variations, are engaged in the business of rousing the interest of God, through sacrifice, prayer, or worship, the slumbering interest of deity. ” (Masterman, quoted in Hiebert)
ii. We often judge parents by children. When a child of God is filled with worry and anxiety, is there no reason for the world to believe that their heavenly Father does not care about them? Our worries and fears reflect God badly and unfairly.
2. (8-9) Beware of the devil.
Be sober, be alert; for your adversary the devil roams about like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him firmly in faith, knowing that your brotherhood is experiencing the same sufferings in the world.
A.Your adversary the devil walks about: Peter admonishes us to stay clear (sober) and guardian (vigilante) because Satan has not yet been bound and restrained for 1,000 years as stated in Revelation 20:1-2. In the present,the devil goes.
Yes. "IsWalk around- has access to you anywhere; He knows your feelings and inclinations and is informed of all your circumstances; only God can know and do more than he does, so his care must remain with God. (Clark)
ii. the devil without a doubtgoes over; He is a finite being and can only be in one place at a time, yet his efforts, energy, and staff allow him to expand his influence around the world and in all walks of life.
B.like a roaring lion: For Christians, Satan is aLeonthat he can roar, but his fangs were taken off on the cross (Colossians 2:15). However, the sound of his roar, his insidious lies are still strong and he has the power to do sodevoursouls and rob Christians of their effectiveness.
yeah Psalm 91:3 suggests that Satan can come against us as oneFowler, the one who catches birds. The hunter is always quiet and reserved and doesn't want to reveal his presence. 2 Corinthians 11:14 tells us that Satan can come asan angel of light, glorious, good and attractive. Still other times, Peter tells us, Satan comes against us.like a roaring lion, loud and full of intimidation.
He roars through the chase.
·Rage by strong temptation.
· Roar through blasphemies and accusations against God.
ii. We note Satan's goal:looking for someone to devour. It's not just trying to lick or nibble on its prey; he wantsdevour. “He can never be satisfied until he sees the believer completely devoured. I would rip him to pieces, break his bones, and utterly destroy him if I could. So don't be misled into thinking that Satan's main purpose is to make you unhappy. He's happy about it, but that's not his ultimate goal. Sometimes it can even make you happy because it has delicate poisons, sweet in taste, that it administers to God's people. If you feel that our destruction can be more easily achieved with sweet than with bitter, you will surely prefer whatever your ending best accomplishes. (spurge)
C.Resist him, firm in the faith: The secret of spiritual warfare is simple,BusinessEndurance. How we arefirmly in faith, usresistthe devil lies and threatens and intimidates.
yeah “Scripture tells believers to flee from various evils (1 Corinthians 6:18; 10:14; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:22), but nowhere are they advised to flee from the devil flee. That would be a futile attempt." (Hyperto)
ii.Resistcomes from two ancient Greek words:fusesjagainst. Peter tells us thatagainstthe devil. Satan can be moved by the opposition of the humblest believer, based on the authority of what Jesus did on the cross.
iii. "Resist. Be more praying each time you are more active. You will soon give up when you find that your attacks are leading you to Christ. Satan was often nothing more than a great black dog, to bring Christ's sheep closer to the Master to drift." (Spurgeon)
D.Knowing that your Brotherhood is experiencing the same sufferings in the world: We also find comfort in knowing that we are never alone in our spiritual struggle. Our brothers and sisters in Jesus have fought and are fighting the same battles.
yeah “The perspective is above all the conflict of the saints. It looks like one. No soul fights alone. Everyone is carried and supported by everyone else at the same time.” (Morgan)
3. (10-11) A prayer for his spiritual strengthening.
But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory in Christ Jesus, after a little suffering, has perfected, confirmed, strengthened, and established usOf. HimbeGlory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
A.May the God of all grace... perfect, establish, strengthen and establish: Knowing the suffering and dangers Christians face, Peter can only concludeprayer. He asks God to do His work of perfection, establishment, strengthening and establishment.
yeah These things are God's work in us and through us. Pedro knew personally the futility of overcoming suffering and danger on your own. His own failures taught him the need to constantly trust in God's work in our lives, so he prays for his dear Christian friends.
ii.After suffering for a while: We almost want to ask Peter, "Why did you say that?" But the truth remains. We are onlycalled... to his eternal glory... after suffering a little. We wish we had been called to His eternal glory in the "no suffering" plan. But God uses suffering for thisperfect, establish, strengthen and establishus.
iii. AreHe has called us to his eternal glory; but what does this glory mean?
It is the glory of the purified character.
It is the glory of perfect humanity.
·It is the glory of complete victory.
·It is the glory of being honored by a king.
·It is the glory to reflect the glory of God.
· It is the glory of the immediate and constant presence of God.
It is the glory of the joy of God Himself.
B.To him be glory and dominion forever and ever: The God who can accomplish this great work in our lives certainly deserves our praise.
4. (12-14) Completion of the Epistle.
Through Silvano, our faithful brother as I consider him, I have written to you briefly, admonishing you and testifying to you that this is the true grace of God in which you find yourself. She who is in Babylon along with chosenOf,he greets you; Andit does tooTag my son Say hello to a kiss of love. Peace to you all who are in Christ Jesus. Amen.
A.By Silvanus... I wrote to you: This part was probably written in Peter's own hand, having dictated (according to the custom of the time) most of the letter toSilvanus. This manSilvanusIt was probably the same that was knownSilasin many of Paul's letters.
B.This is the true grace of God that you are in: Peter summed up his message as a reminder to understand and recognizethe true grace of God that you are in. Not only do we need to understand what the grace of God is, but that grace is our present place before Him.
C.She who is in Babylon... salutes you:Ellait probably refers to the church being feminine in ancient Greek. Peter apparently wrote offBabylon. This may be the literal city of Babylon (which still existed in Peter's time), or it may refer symbolically to Rome or Jerusalem. These were two cities famous in Peter's day for their wickedness and spiritual rebellion, just like the ancients.Babylonwas. In a way, one church greeted the other.
yeah Of course there was the literal city of Babylon on the Euphrates. There was also a place in Egypt known as Babylon, and it was a Roman military fortress near modern-day Cairo. However, many think that Peter meant "Babylon" in a symbolic sense, to represent the city of Rome. As a biblical concept, "Babylon" as the city of this world contrasts with "Jerusalem" as the city of God. He may have referred to Rome as Babylon as "the center of worldliness."
D.Also Mark my son: This verse connectsMarkewith Peter, apparently the same sign of Acts 12:12, 12:25 and 15:37-39. Given the style and perspective of Mark's gospel, many believe that Peter was the primary source of information for Mark.
mi.Greet each other with a kiss of love: Peter concludes with a command to greet one another and to reveal God's love, and pronounces a blessingpaz. Those two things -amarfor each otherpaz– are especially necessary for those who suffer and live in dangerous times.
yeah “It should be noted that the apostles did not invent this form of greeting; the custom has already been imposed. They sanctioned its use as a sincere expression of Christian love." (Hyperto)
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