Video of 2 Peter 1:
A. An encouragement to know God and what he has done for us.
1. (1) Introduction to a letter from Peter to believers.
Simon Peter, servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have obtained equally precious faith with us through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:
A.Simon Peter: The apostle called himself heresimonPedro. As he wrote this letter later, he perhaps didn't want to forget where he came from and that sometimes he looked even more like the old man.simonlike the newPedro.
I. we remember thatsimonit was his given name at birth;Pedrowas the special name Jesus gave him to call this man to "rock-like" thinking and behavior.
ii. Some have said that Peter did not write this letter because the theme and style are slightly different from 1 Peter. neither himAimof the two letters is quite different. 1 Peter was written to encourage Christians threatened with violent persecution; 2 Peter was written to warn those same believers of the dangers of false teachers and harmful influences.
iii. "Convinced that thethe best antidote for heresyit's amature knowledgeIndeed, Peter exhorts his readers to appreciate prophecy aright, to live godly and holy lives while awaiting the coming of Christ, and to grow in the grace and knowledge of the Lord.” (Kirby)
B.A servant and apostle of Jesus Christ: The order of these titles is important. Pete consideredFirsta servant, YSoaApostle. His position asfederal serverwas more important to him than his status as aApostle.
C.To those who have obtained valuable faith: Peter wrote to those who had the same salvation that he had experienced, to whom he “alike precious faith.” That belief wasreceive, and not by the effort of man, butfor the justice of our God.
I. "He also tells us that faith is 'precious,' and isn't it precious? For these are precious things, precious promises, precious blood, precious redemption, all the preciousness of the person of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ." (Spurgeons)
ii.how precious faithprobably suggests that Jews and Gentiles enjoyed the sameBelieve, and therefore the same benefits in Jesus. "God gaveOf- believepagans, the same faith and salvation that he had to giveus- believeJews.“ (Clark)
D.Our God and Savior Jesus Christ: Ancient Greek grammar shows that this is what Peter saidJesus ChristEsour God and Savior. Peter clearly thought that Jesus was and isour God and Savior.
I. "The expressionGod and our Savioris in a construction in the Greek text that requires us to translate,our God and Savior Jesus Christ, then the expression shows that Jesus Christ is the God of the Christian.” (Desire)
ii. "The grammar leaves little doubt that in these words Peter is calling Jesus Christ both God and Savior." (Blue)
2. (2-4) An expanded greeting to an understanding of the value of knowing God.
Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and Jesus our Lord, that his divine power has given us everything.aboutto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us by his glory and virtue, through which he has given us great and precious promises, so that through them you might become partakers of the divine nature after fleeing from the corruptionthat isin the world for lust.
A.Grace and peace be multiplied to you:Peter hinted at thatpeace and grace– these two most precious gifts – belong to usin the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. When we know God we obtain these essential foundations for salvation and life.
B.His divine power has given us all things that pertain to life and godliness.: However, not only grace and peace, but alsoall that pertains to life and godlinessthey are oursthrough knowing him. Knowing God is the key to this.all that pertains to life and godliness.
I. These things come to ushis divine power. "Divine power! What amazing things are captured in that term 'divine power'! It was the one that dug the deep foundations of the earth and the sea! Divine power, it is what guides the marches of the heavenly stars! Divine power! It is what holds up the pillars of the universe and one day it will shake them and return all things to their pristine nothingness." (Spurgeons)
ii. We are willing to try almost anything exceptthe knowledge about the. We will trust people's schemes and plans instead of them.the knowledge about the. We will try to know ourselves instead.the knowledge about the. We need to get to the same place that the apostle Paul said when he saidI know him(Philippians 3:10).
iii. According to Blum, the ancient Greek wordSaberit does not refer to a casual acquaintance. It means precise, complete and deep knowledge.
C.Through the knowledge of Him: we are going tooknowledge of himas we learn of him through his word, through prayer, and through the fellowship of God's people. It is true that we only need God, but God finds us not only in our solitude, but also in the community of his people.
D.who called us: This knowledge of God comes to those who arecalled. It is knowledge, but not just intellectual understanding or intuition. It is the knowledge that comes from experience - the experience that God's people have of God himself.
mi.who called us by glory and virtue: It's Jesusglory and virtuethat was what motivated him to call us and it is hisglory and virtuethat draw us to it.
F.by whom precious and great promises have been given to us: This explains the value ofglory and virtueof God who calls us. Through these He has given usprecious and great promises. This means that God's promises are based on Hisglory and virtue, and therefore perfectly reliable, because God can never compromise Hisglory and virtue.
I. Psalm 138:2 reminds us that God honors his word even more than his name. We never have to doubt a promise from God. Instead we shouldMay God be true, but every man a liar(Romans 3:4).
ii. For these reasons, God's promises are soextremely cool(meaning big and imposing), and arevaluablein the sense of valuable. “Many things are large that are not precious, like large stones that are of little value; On the other hand, many things are precious that are not large, such as diamonds and other jewels, which cannot be very large if they are very valuable. But here we have promises so great that they are not less than infinite, and so precious that they are not less than divine. (Spurgeons)
iii. "It was of considerable importance for the comfort of the Gentiles to whom these promises were made.them, and that salvation was not only for the Jews.” (Clark)
GRAMS.so that through them you may be partakers of the divine nature: This explains the value of thisgreat and precious promises. Through thisPromise, arepartakers of the divine nature. Peter's idea is similar to Paul's idea of our glorious status as adopted sons and daughters of God (Galatians 4:5-7).
I. That is remarkably generous and loving to God. He could rescue us from Hell without inviting uspartakers of the divine nature. It shows how much God loves us and wants to share his life-yes, evendivine nature- with his people.
hTo have escaped the corruption that is in the world because of concupiscence: God is above and beyondCorruptionthis world. So it should be with those who arepartakers of the divine nature. Hecorruption in the worldexpresses itselffor lust- the impious desires of this world.
3. (5-7) How to live as a partaker of nature.
For this also, with all diligence, add virtue to your faith, knowledge to virtue, self-control to knowledge, perseverance to self-control, piety to piety, brotherly affection to piety, and love to brotherly affection.
A.Give diligence to all: Arepartakers of the divine natureBut once we are made spiritual sons and daughters, growth in the Christian life doesn't just happen to us. we should giveall diligenceto our walk with the Lord.
B.Add virtue to your faith: We begin our life with GodBelievebut faith intervenesVirtue,Saber,self control,Endurance,piety,brotherly kindness, YAmar– Love is the cornerstone of God's work in us.
I.Add to your beliefs: Literally in ancient Greek: “take by the hand; Allusion, as most think, to thecoroin the Greek dance she danced with her hands joined.” (Clark)
ii. The size of the list shows that God wants us to have a comprehensive Christian life, complete in every way. We cannot settle for an incomplete Christian life.
iii. Of the worldself control, says the Greek scholar Kenneth Wuest that the Greeks used this wordself controlto describe someone who was not dominated by sexual desire.
C.Give diligence to all: These beautiful qualities are not things that the Lord just pours into us when we passively receive them. Instead, we are called to giveall diligencedo these things in partnership with Godaddthem.
4. (8-9) How we can use these qualities to measure our Christian walk.
For when these things are yours and abound,you will beneither barren nor fruitless in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. Because those who do not have these things are blindly myopic and have forgotten that they have been cleansed of their former sins.
A.When these things are yours and in abundance: If we have these things, andto aboundin these matters it is obvious to all that we are notsterile nor sterilein ourSaberof Jesus
I. The wordssterileYsterilethey characterize the lives of many Christians who lack these qualities due to a lack of knowledge of God, that is, a lack of relational knowledge of him in an ever broader and deeper sense.
ii.To abound: Some may find it good that these qualities are seen in us from time to time. But Peter says they shouldto aboundIn us.
B.Those who lack these things are myopic to the point of blindness.: If we lack these things, it shows that we have "eye problems". Aremyopic, unable to see God, only ourselves, this practically blinds us and shows that we have itforgottenthat we werecleansed of his old sins.
I. “A man like this sees the things of time and cannot see those of eternity... he sees himself and his fellow men, but not God. This myopia is destructive to a true Christian experience and therefore makes progress impossible.” (Morgan)
ii. HeReasonbecause this condition is also established; something like thathe forgot he was cleansed of his old sins. "That is, he failed to respond to all the enlargement of his life and vision that came to him when he received the purification of his nature at the beginning of his Christian life." (Morgan)
iii. maybe thishas forgottenhow bad it was, andhow much i neededthis cleaning. maybe thishas forgottenDiegreat costthis cleansing of the filthy stain of sin. maybe thishas forgottenAsgreat and completecleansing is to make a once guilty sinner clean and white as snow (Isaiah 1:18).
5. (10-11) Make our calling and election sure.
Therefore, brothers, be even more diligent in making your calling and election firm, because if you do this, you will never stumble; for in this way a rich entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be procured for you.
A.Be even more diligent to make your reputation and choice secure: This shows how we can be sure that God has called us and that we are his chosen ones. is doingthese thingsmentioned in 2 Peter 1:5-7 (Believe,Virtue,Saber,self control,Endurance,piety,brotherly kindness, YAmar). When we see these things in our lives, we know that our life is becoming more and more like the nature of Jesus. shows that we areconformed to the image of his son(Romans 8:29).
I. It is possible for an unsaved person to perform many moral and religious duties. But "these things“Peter wrote, these are matters of the heart and should be made clear to everyone.reborn. Simply put, when we are called, when we are chosen, we are born again, and when we are born again it shows in the way we live.
ii. "But the question will be asked as to why that isvocationtop herewahlDo you see that the choice is eternal and the call is in time? I answer, because calling is the first thing for us. The first thing that you and I can know is our calling: we cannot say that we are chosen until we feel called. We must first prove our calling, and then our election will be assured." (Spurgeons)
B.Cause if you do these things you'll never stumble: When we pursue these things, we guard against stumbling. Continued growth and advancement in the Christian life is the sure way to avoid stumbling.
C.Entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is abundantly granted to you: Peter here reminded his readers of the great reward of avocation and electionmadesafe. You would enter heaven gloriously, wouldn't you?like by fire(1 Corinthians 3:15).
I. “There are two ways to enter a port. A ship can come in, full and crazy, just stay afloat by constantly working on the pumps; or she may come in with full sail, her pennant floating high on the mast. The apostle wishes the latter for himself and for the recipients. He wanted them to be granted a generous income." (Meier)
ii. full board Meyer also wrote that the idea of "plentiful contribution" is in fact achoir entrance. The idea was that a Roman conqueror would arrive in his city and be greeted by singers and musicians who would join him in a glorious and joyous procession to the city.
iii. “Will your entrance to heaven be like this? Will you enter it except for the fire or for a reward? Will you come unrecognized and unknown, or will you be greeted by tens and hundreds to whom you have been the means of blessing, and who will be waiting for you? (Meier)
B. The need to be remembered.
1. (12) Peter explains why he is writing about things they have heard before: the fundamentals of the Christian life.
Therefore, although you know and are anchored in the present truth, I will not stop reminding you of these things.
A.For this reason: Peter just wrote about the promiseProhibitedinthe eternal kingdomof God (2 Peter 1:11). Because coming to this kingdom is so important, it is useful and necessary for Pedroto always remember youthe fundamentals of the Christian life.
B.I shall not be long in reminding you always of these things, though you know it.: Even if your readers don'tknowledgethe truth, given what was at stake, his eternal destiny, it was worth reviewing those ideas over and over again.
I. A sports team fighting for the championship will practice the same basic concepts over and over again. They do it despite knowing the techniques because they want to win.
ii. Therefore, Christians should never tire of hearing the basics of the Christian life. We should rejoice every time Jesus Christ and his gospel and his plan for our lives are preached.
C.Based on present truth:Foundedthe same word is translatedstrengthenin Luke 22:32 when Jesus said to Peter: “when you have returned to me, strengthen your brothers.” Here Peter fulfilled this commission of Jesus. He would build us up and strengthen us, reminding us of the fundamentals of the Christian life.
2. (13-14) The urgency in Peter's heart.
Yeah, I think it's right, while I'm in this store, to wave them down with warnings.Of, knowing that soon I willhas topitch my tent as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me.
A.I think it's right:Peter knew it was what was at stakeOn the rightConstantly reminding people of this, especially knowing that the days of his earthly life would soon come to an end.
B.I have to take down my tent for a moment.: Peter no longer considered his body as aCarp. ACarpit is a temporary residence. Tents need to be cared for, but I wouldn't spend huge resources repairing a tent. You save your real resources for a more permanent place to live. Our most permanent place to live is heaven, and we should invest more in heaven than our ownCarp– our physical body.
I. How did Peter know that?shortlyI have to take down my tent? Maybe it was because Peter was getting old. Perhaps it was because the flames of persecution were heating up around him. Church history tells us that Petertatdie as a martyrjust as our Lord Jesus Christ showedhim (John 21:18-19).
ii. This shows that Peter believed that the prophetic words of Jesus would be literally fulfilled. JesuspresentedPeter that he would die a martyr, and he believed that even if he hadwantedit was only symbolic.
3. (15) Peter prepares for the future.
I will also make sure that you always remember these things after I pass away.
A.I'll make sure you always have a memory.: Peter wrote this reminder in a letter so that God's people would have a constant reminder even after his departure.
B.after my death: Peter seemed aware of the importance of the passing of the apostles and the need to preserve the authoritative teaching of the apostles and prophets. This, the written teaching of the apostles and their associates, is the foundation of the church (Ephesians 2:20), which God has preserved for all generations.
C. The Assurance of the Apostolic Testimony.
1. (16-18) The Evidence of the Transfiguration.
For we did not make known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ by following cleverly invented fables, but we were eyewitnesses of His Majesty. Because he received honor and glory from God the Father when a voice came to him from Most High Glory saying: "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." And we heard that voice that came down from heaven when we were with him on the holy mountain.
A.We don't follow cleverly invented fables: Peter solemnly declared that the testimony of the apostles—Testimony for which they endured torture and gave their lives– was not based on clever fables or even half-truths, but on testimonials; that shewere eyewitnesses of His Majesty.
I.fablestranslate ancient greek wordmyths. Some people think that the gospel and the biblical record are just ancient myths. You may admire the power of him as myths, but Peter correctly insisted that his message was not a myth. It was the story seen byeyewitnesses.
ii. We can reliably reconstruct historical events from the testimonies of witnesseseyewitnesses, whose correctness must be checked. The apostles and writers of the New Testament have been tried and tested for centuries.
B.Eyewitnesses of His Majesty: When did Peter see themajestyof Jesus? There were many occasions, but one that probably stuck in his memory was the transfiguration of Jesus recorded in Matthew 17:1-8, Mark 9:1-9, and Luke 9:28-36. We know this because Peter was quoting what God the Father said to Jesus at the transfiguration:"This is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased."
I. At the transfiguration was Jesustransformedin glory before the apostles, not just outwardly changed. The effect was extremely startling; Jesus became so bright in appearance that it was hard to look at him. the brightlike the sun(Mateo 17:2).
ii. It can be said that this radiant glory was notnuevomiracle, but a pause in a miracle in progress. The real miracle was that most of the time, Jesus couldkeepshow his glory.
C.This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.: At the Transfiguration, the Father spoke from heaven to express His approval and delight in God the Son. As Peter was writing this, we felt that the words were still ringing in his ears because he made the mistake at the transfiguration of identifying Jesus with Moses and Elijah, who appeared with him.
I. These words from heaven were important because Jesus had just told his disciples that he must be crucified and that his followers must also take up their crosses to follow him (Mark 8:31-38). His disciples needed that word of assurance to maintain their trust in Jesus, and they needed to hear that Jesus still pleased the Father even though he said he would be crucified.
ii. The words from heaven also clearly placed Jesus above the law and the prophets. Jesus was not simply a different or even better lawgiver or prophet. Jesus was and isbeloved son.
iii. essentially theVoicefrom heaven was a reproach to Peter (Mark 9:7). But what was once a rebuke became a sweet memory.
IV. Moses and Elijah appeared with Jesus because they represented those who were caught up to God (Jude 9 and 2 Kings 2:11). They represented the law (Moses) and the prophets (Elijah). Moses and Elijah are also connected to the prophecy as they have a strong connection to the witnesses of Revelation 11:3-13.
D.And we heard that voice that came down from heaven: It was wonderful for Peter and the disciples to see Jesus transfigured and glorified. It was great for her to hearthat voice... from heaven. But the experience itself did not change his life. Only being born again by the Spirit of God did this and gave them immeasurable courage. The transformation was great, but it was a temporary experience until they were reborn.
2. (19) The proof of the fulfilled prophecy.
And thus we have confirmed the word of the prophecy that you should pay attention as a light shining in a dark place until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts;
A.And thus we have confirmed the prophetic word: Peter's transfiguration experience was amazing. But the testimony of God's Word about Jesus was even more true than Peter's personal experience. the fulfillment ofconfirm the word of prophecyit is a sure and trustworthy testimony of the truth of the Scriptures.
I. "Taken by the usual translation, it seems to say thatprophecyis a sure proof of divine revelation thatWonderful; and so it was understood.” (Clark)
B.What you should take good note of: When we consider the prophetic testimony of Jesus,do well to pay attentionHim. There are at least 332 different Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah that Jesus perfectly fulfilled. Combining this evidence, from a simple statistical perspective, is absolutely amazing.
I. Professor Peter Stoner has calculated that the probability of one man fulfilling eight of these prophecies is one in 100,000,000,000,000,000 (10 to the power of 17).heperformance). That number of silver dollars would cover the state of Texas two feet deep. Stoner says that if you consider 48 of the prophecies, the odds are 1 in 10 in 157hePerformance.
C.Like a light that shines in a dark place: No wonder Peter could say that the prophetic word isconfirmed, and that it is like oneLight shining in a dark place, something we must hold on tountil dawnand Jesus returns.
3. (20-21) Principles for prophetic certainty.
First of all, knowing that no prophecy of the Scripture is of private interpretation, because the prophecy was never brought by human will, but rather the holy men of God spokehow they weremoved by the Holy Spirit.
A.No prophecy of Scripture is of private interpretation.: Even in Peter's day, the enemies of Jesus twisted Old Testament prophecies, giving them personal and extraneous meanings and trying to exclude Jesus from their fulfillment. But Peter says that it is not prophecy.any private interpretation; its importance is obvious and can be confirmed by others.
I. Although Peter spoke of it herescripture prophecyThe same principle applies to the gift of prophecy today. have to be soberConfirmationof a prophetic word, not by any other prophetic word, but by the Scriptures. In the gift of prophecy, God never speakssoloa person and always gives affirmation.
B.Prophecy never came by the will of man: It is wrong and invalid to twist prophecy to our own personal meaning, because prophecy does not come from men but from God. comes throughholy men of god- but only as they aremoved by the Holy Spirit.
I. "Very far frominventThe ancient prophets were not even the subject of their own predictions.knowledgethe meaning of what they themselves wrote. they aretaken beyond himselfthrough the influence ofdivine spirit, and after the ages they were alone to discover the subject of the prophecy; and the fulfillment was going to be absolute proof that the prophecy was from God and that it was not from any manprivate invention.“ (Clark)
C.When they were moved by the Holy Spirit: According to Green, the ancient Greek word is translated “touched"has the sense ofcarried along, like a ship carried by the wind or current (same word used for ship in Acts 27:15, 17). It is as if the writers of Scripture "hoisted their sails" in cooperation with God and the Holy Spirit steered them in the direction He intended.
©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission