How to care for peace lily (air purification plant) - with photos (2023)


Spathiphyllum- also called the peace lily - is a popular houseplant with brilliant white flowers. The easy-care houseplant has large, glossy green leaves and long flower stalks.SpathiphyllumPlants thrive in a variety of light conditions, including low light and shade.

The plant's ability to remove toxins from indoor air is powerful.Spathiphylluman excellent plant for any room in your home. AlthoughSpathiphyllumcontains toxins, the plants are generally safe to handle. But it's probably best to keep itSpathiphyllumKeep the plants away from pets and children in case they chew on the leaves.

How to care for Spathiphyllum:peace lilies (Spathiphyllum) thrive in bright, filtered light, fertile, well-drained soil, and average room temperatures. For healthy growth, water the plant when the soil has partially dried and mist the foliage regularly to increase moisture. Fertilize every month during the growing season.

The 40 kinds ofSpathiphyllumbelong to the familyaraceaeand are closely related to the cove.

Although they are called lilies,Spathiphyllumis not akind of royal lily(lily). The plant's botanical name comes from the beautiful white spatulate leaves.

Other common names forSpathiphyllumPlants are cabinet plants, white candles, and peace lily. The last two common names refer to the white spathe leaf, which looks like a white sail or flag. Other types ofSpathiphyllumgo by names like mouna loa, madonna lily, and cupid's peace lily.

This article is a comprehensive guide toSpathiphyllumCareful. You'll learn how to grow these flowering plants indoors that brighten rooms and purify the air.


How to care for peace lily (air purification plant) - with photos (1)

The modified white leaf of Spathiphyllum is called the bract or spathe and the elongated spike (spadix) is the flower.

Spathiphyllumit is popular for its showy white flowers.SpathiphyllumThe flowers consist of a spathe, a large leaf-shaped white or yellowish bract. The actual shoots grow on a spadix, a type of thick stem covered in small shoots.SpathiphyllumThe flower stalks are 10-30 cm long.

Most types ofSpathiphyllumthey have shiny snow-white spathes. other varieties ofSpathiphyllummay have yellowish or greenish leaves surrounding an orange spadix. The white, pod-shaped flowers provide a striking contrast to the broad, glossy green leaves.

Why doesn't my Spathiphyllum bloom?

The most common reason for thisSpathiphyllumnot blooming is a lack of bright light.SpathiphyllumThey typically bloom in spring and need direct and indirect sunlight to produce flowers. AlthoughSpathiphyllumit can survive in dark rooms, it does not flourish in places with low lighting or constant shade.

How do you get a Spathiphyllum plant to flower?

Foster aSpathiphyllumget them to flourish by giving them plenty of indirect light and watering them properly. AidSpathiphyllumproduce flowers, move to a brighter spot when not in bloom. Making sure it gets bright light can help prevent it from flowering.Spathiphyllumbloom again and again.

Most people buySpathiphyllumPlant when they are already flowering. Therefore, it can be disappointing when the plant does not flower again. put theSpathiphyllumPlanting pots on an east-facing window sill or near a south- or west-facing window in spring can encourage flowering. healthy oneSpathiphyllumshould produce several flowers per year under ideal growing conditions.

spathiphyllum care

Let's look at care options.Spathiphyllumso that it blooms regularly, its foliage is healthy and it is not attacked by pests or diseases.

Spathiphyllum Lichtbedarf

GrowSpathiphyllumin bright light but keep out of direct sunlight. Getting plenty of light encourages rapid growth and makes theSpathiphyllumproduce flowers. The right amount of light toSpathiphyllumCare must be filtered or a mixture of light and shadow.

AlthoughSpathiphyllumit's alow light plant type, rarely flowers in shady conditions. If you want to enjoy its luminous white flowers and there is little natural light, use artificial light to stimulate the growth of the plant. However,SpathiphyllumIt is an excellent tropical houseplant for offices,bedroom, or basement because of its glossy foliage.

growing upSpathiphyllumWhen you are indoors, make sure the sun is not shining all the time. Too much direct light will cause the leaves to turn yellow and develop brown spots. Yellow leaves can also be a sign that theSpathiphyllumthere is a serious lack of light.

The best soil for Spathiphyllum plants

Use a peat-based potting mix toSpathiphyllumit has excellent drainage. Or use a cactus soil mix as a suitable growing medium. The idealSpathiphyllumThe soil should contain some moisture but allow excess water to drain. Mix peat, loam and perlite for healthy growthSpathiphyllumpotted plants.

You can also use commercial potting soil that contains organic matter. However, you should improve the soil with perlite, bark chips, or coarse horticultural sand. Organic matter like peat will help retain some moisture. and the addition ofPerlite or similar soil amendmentimproves drainage and aerates the potting medium.

One of the worst things forSpathiphyllumit is when its roots are settled in moist and waterlogged soil. That can have several reasonsSpathiphyllumThe pot contains too much water. Some of them are:

  • HeSpathiphyllumit has roots and the water cannot drain properly.
  • Potting soil is too dense and needs better aeration.
  • The drain hole in the bottom of the pot is clogged.

How to water Spathiphyllum

How to care for peace lily (air purification plant) - with photos (3)

Water your Spathiphyllum plant when the top soil has dried out.

AguaSpathiphyllumas often as the topsoil dries out. If you water the plant, you should water the potting soil well. Pour filtered water or rainwater at room temperature until it runs out of the drainage holes. Allow the water to drain before placing the plant back in a bright spot.

How often should you water?Spathiphyllumdepends on several factors. During the growing season and hot weather, you will need to water your plantsSpathiphyllumplant once or twice a week. in winter whenSpathiphyllumGrowth slows, water less frequently, perhaps every two weeks or so.

But always let the dryness of the soil guide the frequency when watering yoursSpathiphyllumAttach. Please keep this in mindSpathiphyllumdoes not belong to themDrought Tolerant Houseplants. So avoid letting the soil dry out completely.

Full watering ensures deep hydration.SpathiphyllumRoot. Moisture allows the roots to absorb nutrients and promote healthy growth. Don't be afraid to soak your potting soil, as long as you let it partially dry between waterings.

Related reading:A Complete Guide to Watering Indoor Plants.

Temperature for cultivar Spathiphyllum en interior

SpathiphyllumPlants thrive in a temperature range of 65°F to 85°F (18°C to 29°C). Average room temperatures are ideal for growing these tropical houseplants.SpathiphyllumIt does not support temperatures below 12 °C or cold drafts. It is also important to avoid extreme temperatures to prevent stress on your houseplant.

grow Outdoors,Spathiphyllumdoes well in USDA zones 10b and 11. Temperatures below 65°F (18°C) in winter will stunt growth and frost will kill the plantSpathiphyllum. when you plantSpathiphyllumAs a garden plant, make sure it is in partial shade or dappled sunlight. This will prevent the plant from getting too hot in the summer and sunburn.

Spathiphyllum Moisture Requirements

How to care for peace lily (air purification plant) - with photos (4)

Regularly mist the leaves of the Spathiphyllum plant to maintain proper humidity

Spathiphyllumit has an above-average moisture requirement that mimics its native tropical environment. To moisten the plant, regularly mist the leaves daily, grow with other plants, or place in a gravel tray. Try to keep humidity above 50 percent to ensure healthy growth.

Regular spraying of the leaves is the easiest way to moistenSpathiphyllum.Fill a spray bottle with warm distilled water and spray a fine mist around the foliage. Alternatively, you can add moisture by wiping the glossy leaves with a damp cloth. This plant cleaning not only moisturizes the leaves, but also removes dust.

spathiphyllum growth rate

Spathiphyllumit has a moderate growth rate, eventually reaching 18" to 24" (45 – 60 cm) in height. Light affects the growth ofSpathiphyllumPlant. Plant growth is fastest when grown in bright indirect light. In dark or shady rooms, the growth rate slows down significantly.

AlthoughSpathiphyllumThe plants grow in dark places, the leaves may end up drooping. You will also find that aSpathiphyllumThe plant will never flower if there is not enough light. Under ideal conditions, your plant should grow a few inches each year.

How to Fertilize Spathiphyllum Houseplants

Apply fertilizer monthlySpathiphyllumPlant in spring and summer. Feed your plants a balanced houseplant fertilizer to provide the proper nutrients. A water soluble fertilizer diluted 10-10-10 should be enough to ensure healthy growth and regular flowering. do not fertilizeSpathiphyllumin late fall and winter.

Regular fertilization during the growing season promotesSpathiphyllumGrowth. However, a buildup of mineral salts in the potting soil can lead to root burn and weak growth. To avoid this problem, wash the potting soil between waterings every two to three months. All you have to do is soak the soil well under running water for a few minutes. Drain the water. Then wait for the top layer of soil to dry out before watering again.

Keep reading:Fertilizers for houseplants: the best fertilizers for houseplants.

Spathiphyllum Pruning Instructions

plumSpathiphyllumstems near the base of the plant.Spathiphyllumit rarely needs pruning as it has a naturally bushy habit. The only time you'll need to prune this low-maintenance houseplant is to reduce its size. Also, pruning off dead or dying leaves can help improve the appearance of the plant.

AfterSpathiphyllumhas withered, cut the stems. A stem produces a single flower. So when its bloom fades, the stem turns brown and dies. Therefore, pruning the stems after the flowers have died will help direct energy toward foliage growth.

Spathiphyllum Propagation

Root division is the best way to propagate aSpathiphyllumAttach. To propagate the plant, remove it from its container, shake the soil off the roots, and then use a sharp, clean knife to cut the root ball into two or three pieces. Make sure there are some healthy stems and leaves attached to each part of the root.

The best time for propagation.SpathiphyllumPlanting is in spring.Spathiphyllumit can be sensitive to change, and a newly propagated plant may wilt after transplanting. Spring propagation ensures vigorous plant growth and this gives theSpathiphylluma better chance of survival.

Transplanting Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily) Plants

Time to replant oneSpathiphyllumPlant when the root joins. To transplant the houseplant, remove it from its existing container. Detangles roots and cuts off brown-looking dead roots. Place the root ball in a new pot and fill the container with the appropriate potting soil.

If you want to foster further growth, transfer thoseSpathiphyllumto a larger pot. If you want to restrict growth, cut back about a third of the roots and transplant into a similarly sized pot.

How do you know that aSpathiphyllumIs it root bound and needs to be repotted? Here are some tell-tale signs that your peace lily is root-tied:

  • You notice the roots sticking out of the drainage holes in the pot.
  • The water takes longer to come out of the pot because potting soil is thick and dense.
  • Water accumulates on the surface of the earth because it cannot be drained.
  • HeSpathiphyllumPlant growth slows down even though it is the growing season.

Is Spatiphyllum poisonous to cats and dogs?

SpathiphyllumThe plants are poisonous to cats and dogs. Hedice ASPCAHeSpathiphyllumcontains insoluble calcium oxalates. This toxic substance can cause mouth irritation, drooling, a burning sensation around the mouth, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. if you haveSpathiphyllumPlants at home, keep them away from cats, dogs or other pets.

Is the Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily) poisonous to humans?

taking parts ofSpathiphyllumit is toxic to humans. researchers outNorth Carolina State ExtensionTo say that the plant has moderate properties.Spathiphyllumit can cause a burning sensation in the mouth and swelling of the lips. Otherstudiesshow that contact with the plant can cause dermatitis in people with sensitive skin.

Common Problems When Growing Spathiphyllum Plants Indoors

What pests affect the growth of Spathiphyllum?

SpathiphyllumPlants are quite resistant toIndoor Plant Pests. However,Red spider,Woodlouse, Yaphidscan affect plant growth. Clean the leaves regularly to keep insects away. If the plants become infested, use an insecticidal soap or neem oil solution to eradicate the pests.

Related reading: How to get rid of indoor plant pests naturally.

What diseases can affect Spathiphyllum plants?

Root rot caused by overwatering or poor drainage can cause it.SpathiphyllumDisease. If you notice the leaves turning brown and wilting, your houseplant may have diseased roots. To revive a dying personSpathiphyllumRepot the plant in fresh, sterile potting soil. Also, remove any signs of dead or rotten roots to bring your plant back to life.

Brown tips on Spathiphyllum leaves

The most common reason for brown tips is inSpathiphyllumwatered or submerged. But the lack of humidity or the accumulation of fertilizing salts can also be the cause.Spathiphyllumthe leaves turn brown. Trim unsightly brown leaves and adjust your watering schedule or increase humidity.

Why do Spathiphyllum leaves fall?

Irrigation problems, whether too much or too little, causeSpathiphyllumto hang leaves What if you water your plant correctly andSpathiphyllumAre the leaves still hanging? Cold drafts or sudden changes in temperature can cause all kinds ofSpathiphyllumThe plants wither and the leaves look droopy.

Is Spathiphyllum an Air Purifying Houseplant?

SpathiphyllumCleans the air in the home by removing toxins from it. according to aNASA studyin air purifying houseplants,SpathiphyllumIt can remove harmful airborne chemicals such as benzene, formaldehyde and trichlorethylene. A combination ofother indoor plants that filter the airasenglish ivy,golden pothos,Dracaena 'Warneckii,' Ysansevieriacan help improve indoor air quality.

Variedades of Spathiphyllum

These are some of the most common varieties ofSpathiphyllumgrow indoors:

Spathiphyllum wallisii (Friedenslilie)

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Spathiphyllum wallisiiit is the most common variety of the species. Also known as peace lily, Madonna lily, spoonbill flower, or white candles, this popular houseplant has creamy-white flowers at the end of a long stem. The spathe turns whitish-green in color as the plant matures.

Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum (Cupid-Friedenslilie)

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The speciesSpathiphyllum cochlearispathumalso known as the peace lily. The evergreen foliage plant has broad, glossy green leaves and bright white flowers that bloom regularly throughout the year.

Spathiphyllum floribundum (Schneeblume)

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pictures ofA Spathiphyllum in bloomshow that the great spathe is lime green to yellowish green in color. HeSpathiphyllumThe flowers are on a thick, fleshy, creamy-white spadix.


How to care for peace lily (air purification plant) - with photos (8)

Another type of peace lily is theBerg-Spathiphyllum. Glossy, dark green leaves contrasted with a pure white spathe help identify this houseplant.

Spathiphyllum ortgiesii Regel

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Native to Mexico, theSpathiphyllum ortgiesiiproduces a considerable white spathe, more oval in shape than other species ofSpathiphyllumFlor.

Spathiphyllum silvicola

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HeSpathiphyllum silvicolaIt comes from Colombia and Costa Rica. like all kinds ofSpathiphyllum, the flowers consist of a whitish green spathe and a yellowish spadix.

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How do you take care of a peace lily air purifying plant? ›

The Peace Lily is a low-maintenance houseplant. Simply water it when the soil begins to dry. This plant can grow in low light conditions but needs medium to bright filtered light in order to produce its flower-like spathes. Fertilize with our balanced slow-release fertilizer twice per year for best growth.

Where should peace lilies be placed in the house? ›

Bright, indirect light is best for peace lilies, ideally sheltered from cold draughts, so choose a spot away from doors and fire places. peace lilies are used to a tropical environment so a humid room, such as a bathroom, is best.

How long does it take a peace lily to purify air? ›

Peace Lily

Indoor peace lilies can grow to between one and four feet tall, whereas outdoor peace lilies can reach six feet in height. The NASA study found peace lilies to be the most effective houseplant for removing TCE from the air, removing 23% over 24 hours.

How do I know when my peace lily needs water? ›

The plant will droop a bit when thirsty, telling you when it needs a drink. If you pay attention to when it usually starts to sag, you can plan to water one day before it generally happens. Watering about once a week and spritzing leaves with water throughout the summer will help keep your peace lily hydrated.

How many days can a peace lily go without water? ›

If your pot and soil drain well, your peace lily will need to be watered every 7-10 days. If you live in a warm, dry area, your peace lily may need to be watered more often. If you live in a cooler or more humid climate, you may need to water a little less often.

Should I wipe my peace lily leaves? ›

Over time, dust and particulates in the air will settle on the leaves of your peace lily. Every 6 months, wipe down the leaves with a very mild soapy water solution. Alternatively, place your plant in the sink and gently spray down the leaves with a spray option on your faucet.

How often should I water a peace lily? ›

Your Peace Lily enjoys weekly waterings, but it will tell you when it needs water by drooping its leaves. During the winter months feel free to only water your plant fortnightly.

What are the disadvantages of peace lilies? ›

The Bottom Line. The peace lily is one of the most common household plants Poison Control is called about. The flowers, leaves, and stems of the peace lily contain very small, insoluble calcium oxalate crystal that can cause immediate mouth and throat irritation if chewed or swallowed.

Do I water peace lily from top or bottom? ›

Peace lilies are almost always thirsty. The solution is simple. Put a deep tray underneath and add water every few days to the tray and let it drink up from the bottom. The reason to water from the bottom is that if you continually pour water on top of the plant, it will form black spots on the leaves.

Is it OK to have a peace lily in your bedroom? ›

Peace lily

Peace lilies are another one of the most attractive bedroom plants. You can prop them up on your windowsill, and they're able to filter out many harmful toxins. The moisture given off by these houseplants boosts the humidity in the room and suppresses airborne microbes that can lead to allergies.

Do peace lilies remove mold spores? ›

Garden Guides lists the Peace Lily among several plants that are able to absorb mold and mildew. It is often a concern that indoor plants will produce allergy inducing mold, but in fact if watered correctly the Peace Lily will reduce mold spores found in the air.

What are the health benefits of peace lily? ›

It helps filter the indoor air, increase the levels of humidity, helping you breathe better. Plus, it also aids in good sleep as it absorbs airborne mold spores that are common allergens. Additionally, the beauty of these plants is known to bring calmness by alleviating feelings of stress in the mind and body.

Can you water peace lily with tap water? ›

Peace lilies are sensitive to chemicals commonly found in tap water, such as fluoride, which may cause brown leaf tips. Use filtered, room-temperature water, if possible.

Can you use ice cubes to water a peace lily? ›

Not too hot or cold.

Room-temperature water is best for this tropical plant. That's why we don't recommend the “ice cube trick”. The cold may shock and damage your Peace Lily.

Is Epsom salt good for peace lilies? ›

Peace lilies sometimes suffer from a magnesium deficiency, evidenced by yellowed leaves with green veins. Treat magnesium deficiency with a magnesium fertilizer or sprinkle a few Epsom salts on the soil around the plants. Don't allow fertilizer to touch the leaves though.

How do you keep an indoor peace lily alive? ›

Caring for a peace lily

If the surface is moist then it's okay. If it's dry for the first centimetre or two, then give it some water. Don't allow your peace lily to stand in a saucer of water. If in an air-conditioned environment, consider misting lightly with water every day or two to elevate humidity.

Can you revive a dried out peace lily? ›

First remove any dead or drying leaves and blooms. If the soil is dry, saturate it, and make sure any excess water can drain away from the plant. Monitor the plant; give it water when the soil begins to dry out. In a week or so, you should see the sign of new growth.

How long can a peace lily live? ›

Many people consider three to five years an average peace lily lifespan. However, indoor peace lilies have been known to live two decades or more. Late winter or early spring is the best time to repot and propagate peace lilies.

Do peace lilies like big pots? ›

Peace lilies are perfectly happy growing in containers, but they don't like sitting in pots much larger than their root balls. Here's how to plant one: 1. Select a container that has good drainage and is no more than ⅓ larger than the root ball of your peace lily.

Why are all the leaves on my peace lily turning brown? ›

As we shared earlier, peace lilies prefer medium, indirect sunlight. If they're exposed to too much direct sunlight or even too little, they will often develop yellow leaves. Overwatering or under-watering can also commonly cause leaves to wilt and turn yellow or brown around the edges.

What causes brown tips on peace lily leaves? ›

Brown tips - overwatered, air too dry, or too much fertilizer. Cause - if you water your plant too much, it may become too soggy or waterlogged, causing brown tips. However, Peace Lilies love humid environments and if the air is too dry, this may cause brown tips as well.

How do you water a potted peace lily? ›

Right after repotting your peace lily, you need to water it. It will be stressed, so you want to make sure it has plenty of water to get through the stress of being repotted. From there, you simply water it like normal, whenever the top 2” of soil feels dry.

What time of year do peace lilies bloom? ›

One of the things people love about peace lilies is that they can bloom any time of year. But they are technically seasonal bloomers, so while you might see blossoms year-round, you shouldn't expect them. Their natural flowering season is between February and September.

What happens when you touch a peace lily? ›

Peace lilies (Spathiphyllum) contain calcium oxalate crystals. Oxalate plants contain sharp, tiny crystals in their leaves and stems. Oxalate crystals can cause intense pain and swelling if they come in contact with the skin or mouth.

Can I sit my peace lily outside? ›

Peace lilies are tropical and easily damaged by frost. They can be grown outdoors year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 11 and 12. In colder areas, potted peace lilies should be moved indoors before temperatures approach 40 degrees Fahrenheit, which could damage leaves, stems and roots.

What does it mean when a peace lily leaves turn yellow? ›

Spathiphyllum plants don't like direct sunlight. They grow in the wild in the understory of rainforests, which means they rarely see direct sun. If your peace lily has too much sun hitting it, the leaves will turn brown at the edges, or become yellow overall with green veins.

How often do you water a peace lily in the house? ›

Your Peace Lily enjoys weekly waterings, but it will tell you when it needs water by drooping its leaves. During the winter months feel free to only water your plant fortnightly.

What is the best plant food for peace lily? ›

To keep them healthy and producing plenty of attractive spathes, fertilize peace lilies with an evenly balanced fertilizer – such as 10-10-10 NPK – or one that's slightly higher in nitrogen. In fertilizer formulas, NPK refers to the ratio of the elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in the mix.

Do peace lilies need big pots? ›

A bigger pot will not necessarily mean better growth, and any excess soil that holds too much moisture around the roots will only kill the plant. Remember, these plants are happy being slightly confined, so don't choose a pot too large.

Should I bottom water my peace lily? ›

Peace lilies are almost always thirsty. The solution is simple. Put a deep tray underneath and add water every few days to the tray and let it drink up from the bottom. The reason to water from the bottom is that if you continually pour water on top of the plant, it will form black spots on the leaves.

Do peace lilies cause breathing problems? ›

Peace Lily

Parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate, which can lead to stomach and breathing difficulties if ingested.

Can you shower a peace lily? ›

This should provide just enough nutrients to give Pippa a little boost. Wiping your peace lily's leaves is all the TLC she needs to stay glossy. Keep her healthy and dust free by using a damp cloth to stroke her foliage clean or give Pippa a gentle shower to keep her shining.

How long do peace lilies live? ›

Many people consider three to five years an average peace lily lifespan. However, indoor peace lilies have been known to live two decades or more. Late winter or early spring is the best time to repot and propagate peace lilies.

Does peace lily have health benefits? ›

It helps filter the indoor air, increase the levels of humidity, helping you breathe better. Plus, it also aids in good sleep as it absorbs airborne mold spores that are common allergens. Additionally, the beauty of these plants is known to bring calmness by alleviating feelings of stress in the mind and body.


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